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Anticonvulsant Action of GluN2A-Preferring Antagonist PEAQX in Developing Rats

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    0542146 - FGÚ 2022 RIV CH eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Mareš, Pavel - Tsenov, Grygoriy - Kubová, Hana
    Anticonvulsant Action of GluN2A-Preferring Antagonist PEAQX in Developing Rats.
    Pharmaceutics. Roč. 13, č. 3 (2021), č. článku 415. E-ISSN 1999-4923
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA19-11931S; GA ČR(CZ) GA18-09296S; GA MZd(CZ) EF16_025/0007444
    GRANT EU: European Commission(XE) 777554 - ID-EPTRI
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
    Klíčová slova: NMDA receptors * GluN2A subunit * anticonvulsant action * pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures * cortical epileptic afterdischarges * immature rats
    Obor OECD: Pharmacology and pharmacy
    Impakt faktor: 6.525, rok: 2021
    Způsob publikování: Open access
    https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4923/13/3/415

    The GluN2A subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors becomes dominant during postnatal development, overgrowing the originally dominant GluN2B subunit. The aim of our study was to show changes of anticonvulsant action of the GluN2A subunit-preferring antagonist during postnatal development of rats. Possible anticonvulsant action of GluN2A-preferring antagonist of NMDA receptors P = [[[(1S)-1-(4-bromophenyl)ethyl]amino](1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2,3-dioxo-5-quinoxalinyl)methyl]phosphonic acid tetrasodium salt (PEAQX) (5, 10, 20 mg/kg s.c.) was tested in 12-, 18-, and 25-day-old rats in three models of convulsive seizures. Pentylenetetrazol-induced generalized seizures with a loss of righting reflexes generated in the brainstem were suppressed in all three age groups in a dose-dependent manner. Minimal clonic seizures with preserved righting ability exhibited only moderately prolonged latency after the highest dose of PEAQX. Anticonvulsant action of all three doses of PEAQX against cortical epileptic afterdischarges (generated in the forebrain) was found in the 25-day-old animals. The highest dose (20 mg/kg) was efficient also in the two younger groups, which might be due to lower specificity of PEAQX and its partial affinity to the GluN2B subunit. Our results are in agreement with the postero-anterior maturation gradient of subunit composition of NMDA receptors (i.e., an increase of GluN2A representation). In spite of the lower selectivity of PEAQX, our data demonstrate, for the first time, developmental differences in comparison with an antagonist of NMDA receptors with a dominant GluN2B subunit.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0319628

     
     
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