Počet záznamů: 1  

Prospects and limitations of expansion microscopy in chromatin ultrastructure determination

  1. 1.
    0538175 - ÚMG 2021 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Kubalova, I. - Schmidt Černohorská, Markéta - Huranová, Martina - Weisshart, K. - Houben, A. - Schubert, V.
    Prospects and limitations of expansion microscopy in chromatin ultrastructure determination.
    Chromosome Research. Roč. 28, č. 3-4 (2020), s. 355-368. ISSN 0967-3849. E-ISSN 1573-6849
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GJ17-20613Y
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68378050
    Klíčová slova: Chromatin * Expansion microscopy * Nucleus * Structured illumination microscopy * Hordeum vulgare
    Obor OECD: Immunology
    Impakt faktor: 5.239, rok: 2020
    Způsob publikování: Open access
    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10577-020-09637-y

    Expansion microscopy (ExM) is a method to magnify physically a specimen with preserved ultrastructure. It has the potential to explore structural features beyond the diffraction limit of light. The procedure has been successfully used for different animal species, from isolated macromolecular complexes through cells to tissue slices. Expansion of plant-derived samples is still at the beginning, and little is known, whether the chromatin ultrastructure becomes altered by physical expansion. In this study, we expanded isolated barley nuclei and compared whether ExM can provide a structural view of chromatin comparable with super-resolution microscopy. Different fixation and denaturation/digestion conditions were tested to maintain the chromatin ultrastructure. We achieved up to similar to 4.2-times physically expanded nuclei corresponding to a maximal resolution of similar to 50-60 nm when imaged by wild-field (WF) microscopy. By applying structured illumination microscopy (SIM, super-resolution) doubling the WF resolution, the chromatin structures were observed at a resolution of similar to 25-35 nm. WF microscopy showed a preserved nucleus shape and nucleoli. Moreover, we were able to detect chromatin domains, invisible in unexpanded nuclei. However, by applying SIM, we observed that the preservation of the chromatin ultrastructure after the expansion was not complete and that the majority of the tested conditions failed to keep the ultrastructure. Nevertheless, using expanded nuclei, we localized successfully centromere repeats by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENH3 by indirect immunolabelling. However, although these repeats and proteins were localized at the correct position within the nuclei (indicating a Rabl orientation), their ultrastructural arrangement was impaired.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0315996

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1