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China's cultural diplomacy in Malaysia during Najib Razak's premiership

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    0519098 - OÚ 2020 RIV AT eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Hrubý, Jakub - Petrů, Tomáš
    China's cultural diplomacy in Malaysia during Najib Razak's premiership.
    Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies. Roč. 12, č. 1 (2019), s. 111-129. ISSN 1999-2521
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA15-21829S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68378009
    Klíčová slova: China-Malaysia Relations * Confucius Institute * Cultural Diplomacy * Soft Power * Tertiary Education * Zheng He
    Kód oboru RIV: AD - Politologie a politické vědy
    Obor OECD: Political science
    Způsob publikování: Open access
    https://aseas.univie.ac.at/index.php/aseas/article/view/2911/2530

    This article aims to provide an analysis of China's cultural diplomacy (CCD) in Malaysia in the latter years of the premiership of Najib Razak (2015-2018). It intends to reflect on the efforts China has been exerting in order to increase its soft power in the Southeast Asian nation. The authors have identified and analyzed four major fields of CCD: the activities of two Confucius Institutes, the first overseas campus of a renowned Chinese university, invocations of shared history, embodied mainly by the figure of the legendary admiral-eunuch Zheng He, regularly commemorated as China's historic envoy of peace, and Malay translations of classical Chinese novels. The article's findings reveal an intricate pattern of networks involving various actors, both Chinese and Malaysian, state, semi-state, and non-state, pursuing their own particular interests, which tend to converge and overlap with the aims of Chinese cultural diplomacy. The implementation of CCD has also been formed by the local political and societal structures: a) a 'special' relation between Razak's cabinet and the PRC leadership, revolving around party-based diplomacy and intensive economic cooperation especially between 2015 and May 2018, b) the presence of a large Chinese community, which provides opportunities and, at the same time, creates limitations for the China's cultural diplomacy practice in Malaysia.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0304125

     
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