Počet záznamů: 1
Interconnection of Class and Race with Capitalism
- 1.0504646 - FLÚ 2020 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Interconnection of Class and Race with Capitalism.
Perspectives on Global Development and Technology. Roč. 18, 1/2 (2019), s. 36-46. ISSN 1569-1500
Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985955
Klíčová slova: capitalism * exploitation * oppression * race * social class
Kód oboru RIV: AA - Filosofie a náboženství
Obor OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology
This paper focuses on the globally important issue – conceptual and causal distinctions between class and race relations from the perspective of political and economic philosophy. Some contemporary theories treat these two forms oppression symmetrically. But detailed analysis shows that the social relations within them have very different dynamics. In general, in the case of race relations there may be non-exploitative oppression, whereas in the case of class relations there is exploitation. These distinct relations with their specific characteristics also have very different impacts on the behavior of social agents and groups, their life opportunities and forms of social conflict. There are causal relations between race and social class, on the one hand, but on the other hand, there are also conceptual distinctions between them. The relation between them is captured neither by treating race as an epiphenomenon of class relations nor by treating race as entirely autonomous from class. Also if we want to understand how racial hierarchies reproduce class relations, we have to understand the basic requirements of modern class reproduction itself, as distinct from the rules for reproduction that govern other social forms. The extraction of surplus value from wage-labourers takes place in a relationship between formally free and equal individuals and does not presuppose differences in juridical or political status. In fact, there is a positive tendency in capitalism to undermine such differences, and even to dilute identities like gender or race, as capital strives to absorb people into the labour market and to reduce them to interchangeable units of labour abstracted from any specific identity. On the other hand, capitalism is very flexible in its ability to make use of, as well as to discard, particular social oppressions. Part of the problematic news is that it is likely to co-opt whatever extra-economic oppressions are historically and culturally available in any given setting. Such cultural legacies can, for example, promote the ideological hegemony by disguising its inherent tendency to create under-classes. The article explains these issues in their complex relations.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0296223