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ESI-TOF Mass Spectrometry of Cationic Carbosilane Dendrimers: a Potent Tool for Characterization of Structural Defects.

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    0494758 - ÚCHP 2019 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Cuřínová, Petra - Krupková, Alena - Červenková Šťastná, Lucie - Müllerová, Monika - Čermák, Jan - Strašák, Tomáš
    ESI-TOF Mass Spectrometry of Cationic Carbosilane Dendrimers: a Potent Tool for Characterization of Structural Defects.
    Journal of Mass Spectrometry. Roč. 53, č. 10 (2018), s. 986-996. ISSN 1076-5174
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-05903S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985858
    Klíčová slova: carbosilane dendrimers * ESI mass spectrometry * defect analysis
    Kód oboru RIV: CB - Analytická chemie, separace
    Obor OECD: Analytical chemistry
    Impakt faktor: 2.267, rok: 2018

    Macromolecular polyelectrolytes are gaining considerable attention for the application in medicine which implies their detailed characterization. We have successfully applied electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI MS) to the analysis of defects in the structure of three generations of polycationic carbosilane dendrimers bearing series of quarternary phosphonium groups at their periphery. Besides expected defects caused by incomplete conversion of particular reaction steps during the synthesis of dendritic scaffold and subsequent peripheral functionalization, also several products of side reactions were observed together with defects created in the course of measurement (particularly ion exchange products). Defective molecules can be to some extent separated on GPC column which proves that they are not products of in source fragmentation processes. Within the reaction sequence used for the synthesis of dendrimers under study, hydrosilylation was the source of most defects. The effectivity of quarternization depends on the type of phosphine. Results confirm high sensitivity of ESI MS towards defects, stability of the carbosilane skeleton towards fragmentation under the conditions of ESI ionization and capability to detect both lower‐ and higher molecular weight impurities arising from the synthetic sequence in the same m/z range as the target dendrimer, thus providing valuable view of the polydispersity.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0287833
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