Počet záznamů: 1  

Stress affects expression of the clock gene Bmal1 in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of neonatal rats via glucocorticoid‐dependent mechanism

  1. 1.
    0489285 - FGU-C 2019 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Olejníková, Lucie - Polidarová, Lenka - Sumová, Alena
    Stress affects expression of the clock gene Bmal1 in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of neonatal rats via glucocorticoid‐dependent mechanism.
    Acta Physiologica. Roč. 223, č. 1 (2018), č. článku e13020. ISSN 1748-1708
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-03932S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
    Klíčová slova: clock genes * development * glucocorticoids * mifepristone * restricted feeding * stress * suprachiasmatic nuclei
    Kód oboru RIV: ED - Fyziologie
    Obor OECD: Physiology (including cytology)
    Impakt faktor: 5.868, rok: 2018

    The reactivity of the circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) to stressful stimuli has been controversial but most studies have confirmed the resilience of the SCN to stress. We tested the hypothesis that during a critical period shortly after birth, the developing SCN clock is affected by glucocorticoids. Mothers of 2 rat strains with different sensitivities to stress, that is Wistar rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and their pups were exposed to stressful stimuli every day from delivery, and clock gene expression profiles were detected in the 4‐day‐old pups’ SCN. Levels of glucocorticoids in plasma were measured by LC‐MS/MS. The glucocorticoid receptors antagonist mifepristone was administered to pups to block the effect of the glucocorticoids. The glucocorticoid receptors were detected at the mRNA and protein levels in the SCN of 4‐day‐old pups. The exposure of mothers to stressful stimuli elevated their plasma glucocorticoid levels. In Wistar rat pups, combination of daily maternal stress with their manipulation increased the plasma glucocorticoid levels and shifted the Bmal1 rhythm in the SCN which was completely blocked by mifepristone. In contrast, in SHR pups, maternal stress on its own caused phase shift of the Bmal1 expression rhythm in the SCN but the effect was mediated via glucocorticoid‐independent mechanism. The Per1 and Per2 expression profiles remained phase‐locked to the light/dark cycle. The results demonstrate that the SCN is sensitive to stressful stimuli early after birth in pups maintained under light/dark conditions and the effect is mediated via glucocorticoid‐dependent pathways.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0283735