Počet záznamů: 1  

Mutations in spliceosomal proteins and retina degeneration

  1. 1.
    0486950 - ÚMG 2018 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Růžičková, Šárka - Staněk, David
    Mutations in spliceosomal proteins and retina degeneration.
    RNA biology. Roč. 14, č. 5 (2017), s. 544-552. ISSN 1547-6286. E-ISSN 1555-8584
    Grant CEP: GA MŠMT LO1419
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68378050
    Klíčová slova: Retinitis pigmentosa * snRNP * splicing
    Obor OECD: Genetics and heredity (medical genetics to be 3)
    Impakt faktor: 5.216, rok: 2017

    A majority of human genes contain non-coding intervening sequences introns that must be precisely excised from the pre-mRNA molecule. This event requires the coordinated action of five major small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) along with additional non-snRNP splicing proteins. Introns must be removed with nucleotidal precision, since even a single nucleotide mistake would result in a reading frame shift and production of a non-functional protein. Numerous human inherited diseases are caused by mutations that affect splicing, including mutations in proteins which are directly involved in splicing catalysis. One of the most common hereditary diseases associated with mutations in core splicing proteins is retinitis pigmentosa (RP). So far, mutations in more than 70genes have been connected to RP. While the majority of mutated genes are expressed specifically in the retina, eight target genes encode for ubiquitous core snRNP proteins (Prpf3, Prpf4, Prpf6, Prpf8, Prpf31, and SNRNP200/Brr2) and splicing factors (RP9 and DHX38). Why mutations in spliceosomal proteins, which are essential in nearly every cell in the body, causes a disease that displays such a tissue-specific phenotype is currently a mystery. In this review, we recapitulate snRNP functions, summarize the missense mutations which are found in spliceosomal proteins as well as their impact on protein functions and discuss specific models which may explain why the retina is sensitive to these mutations.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0281653

     
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