Počet záznamů: 1  

Prehistoric ceremonial warfare: beginning of institutionalized violence

  1. 1.
    0486878 - ARU-G 2018 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Turek, Jan
    Prehistoric ceremonial warfare: beginning of institutionalized violence.
    Archaeologies: Journal of the World Archaeological Congress. Roč. 13, č. 3 (2017), s. 535-548. ISSN 1555-8622
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985912
    Klíčová slova: human aggression * ceremonial warfare * archery symbolism * Neolithic * Chalcolithic * Europe
    Kód oboru RIV: AC - Archeologie, antropologie, etnologie
    Obor OECD: Archaeology

    Sadly, aggression is still one of the most common features of human behaviour, it is an instinct to promote and survive our own genes against the genes of others. Human intraspecific aggression has gradually become part of human culture over the last 40,000 years and has been institutionalized in various forms of social activities. Particularly in the postglacial period, the level of social relations has developed dramatically in the context of population growth and the growth of human communities. In the time of Neolithic and Chalcolithic European agricultural populations, the motive of control over farming land became highly important. Also the control of main means of production and social power was increasingly maintaining the intragroup competition and aggression. Thus, violence was employed within the community in order to obtain and maintain individual or collective social status, but also against other communities in an effort to protect property and territory. Particularly the intracommunity aggression was soon transformed into variety of different formal ways of symbolic fighting, which usually did not lead to the unwanted death of a defeated member of the community. The symbolic struggle between members of the community as well as the defense against external aggression were gradually formalized in the form of introduction of specialized weapons designed for combat between people and creation of fortifications. During the Neolithic period a new phenomenon arose in human culture: warfare.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0281588