Počet záznamů: 1  

Ionic diffusion and proton transfer in aqueous solutions of alkali metal salts

  1. 1.
    0485594 - BFÚ 2018 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Cassone, Giuseppe - Creazzo, F. - Giaquinta, P.V. - Šponer, Jiří - Saija, F.
    Ionic diffusion and proton transfer in aqueous solutions of alkali metal salts.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. Roč. 19, č. 31 (2017), s. 20420-20429. ISSN 1463-9076. E-ISSN 1463-9084
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68081707
    Klíčová slova: initio molecular-dynamics * density-functional theory * electric-fields * liquid water
    Obor OECD: Physical chemistry
    Impakt faktor: 3.906, rok: 2017

    We report on a series of ab initio molecular dynamics investigations on LiCl, NaCl, and KCl aqueous solutions under the effect of static electric fields. We have found that although in low-to-moderate field intensity regimes the well-known sequence of cationic mobilities mu(K+) > mu(Na+) > mu(Li+) (i.e., the bigger the cation the higher the mobility) is recovered, from intense field strengths this intuitive rule is no longer verified. In fact, field-induced water molecular dissociations lead to more complex phenomena regulating the standard migration properties of the simplest monovalent cations. The water dissociation threshold is lowered from 0.35 V angstrom(-1) to 0.25 V angstrom(-1) by the presence of charged species in all samples. However, notwithstanding a one-stage process of water ionization and proton conduction takes place at 0.25 V angstrom(-1) in the electrolyte solutions where structure maker' cations are present (i.e., LiCl and NaCl), the KCl aqueous solution shows some hindrance in establishing a proton conductive regime, which is characterized by the same proton conduction threshold of neat water (i.e., 0.35 V angstrom(-1)). In addition, it turns out that protons flow easily in the LiCl (sp = 3.0 S cm(-1)) solution and then in descending order in the NaCl (sp = 2.5 S cm(-1)) and KCl (sp = 2.3 S cm(-1)) electrolyte solutions. The protonic conduction efficiency is thus inversely proportional to the ionic radii of the cations present in the samples. Moreover, Cl- anions act as a sort of protonic well for high field intensities, further lowering the overall proton transfer efficiency of the aqueous solutions. As a consequence, all the recorded protonic conductivities are lower than that for neat water (sp = 7.8 S cm(-1)), which strongly indicates that devices exploiting the proton transfer ability should be designed so as to minimize the presence of ionic impurities.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0280546

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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