Počet záznamů: 1  

gamma H2AX/53BP1 foci as a potential pre-treatment marker of HNSCC tumors radiosensitivity preliminary methodological study and discussion

  1. 1.
    0485555 - BFU-R 2018 RIV DE eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Falk, Martin - Hořáková, Z. - Svobodová, M. - Masařík, M. - Kopečná, Olga - Gumulec, J. - Raudenská, M. - Depeš, Daniel - Bačíková, Alena - Falková, Iva - Binkova, H.
    gamma H2AX/53BP1 foci as a potential pre-treatment marker of HNSCC tumors radiosensitivity preliminary methodological study and discussion.
    European Physical Journal D. Roč. 71, č. 9 (2017), č. článku 241. ISSN 1434-6079
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-12454S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68081707
    Klíčová slova: squamous-cell carcinoma * cancer-associated fibroblasts
    Kód oboru RIV: EB - Genetika a molekulární biologie
    Obor OECD: Biochemistry and molecular biology

    In order to improve patients' post-treatment quality of life, a shift from surgery to non-surgical (chemo) radio-treatment is recognized in head and neck oncology. However, about half of HNSCC tumors are resistant to irradiation and an efficient marker of individual tumor radiosensitivity is still missing. We analyzed whether various parameters of DNA double strand break (DSB) repair determined in vitro can predict, prior to clinical treatment initiation, the radiosensitivity of tumors. We compared formation and decrease of gamma H2AX/53BP1 foci in 48 h after irradiating tumor cell primocultures with 2 Gy of gamma-rays. To better understand complex tumor behavior, three different cell type primocultures CD90(-), CD90(+), and a mixed culture of these cells were isolated from 1 clinically radioresistant, 2 radiosensitive, and 4 undetermined HPV-HNSCC tumors and followed separately. While DSB repair was delayed and the number of persisting DSBs increased in the radiosensitive tumors, the results for the radioresistant tumor were similar to cultured normal human skin fibroblasts. Hence, DSB repair kinetics/efficiency may correlate with clinical response to radiotherapy for a subset of HNSCC tumors but the size (and therefore practical relevance) of this subset remains to be determined. The same is true for contribution of different cell type primocultures to tumor radioresistance.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0280520