Počet záznamů: 1  

Elusive Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae: habitat selection, sex determination and sex ratio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

  1. 1.
    0483873 - BC 2018 RIV ES eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Vlašánek, Petr - Bartoňová, Alena - Marec, František - Konvička, Martin
    Elusive Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae: habitat selection, sex determination and sex ratio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
    SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterologia. Roč. 45, č. 180 (2017), s. 561-569. ISSN 0300-5267. E-ISSN 2340-4078
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GAP505/10/2167; GA AV ČR IAA600960925; GA ČR(CZ) GA17-13713S
    GRANT EU: European Commission(XE) 669609 - Diversity6continents
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:60077344
    Klíčová slova: Lepidoptera * Papilionidae * habitat
    Obor OECD: Genetics and heredity (medical genetics to be 3)
    Impakt faktor: 0.223, rok: 2017

    The charismatic and regionally declining Parnassius mnemosyne is notable for surpluses of males in mark-recapture studies, as well as for poor detectability of its larvae, which develop on spring ephemeral plants, Corydalis spp. In order to study whether the bias towards male exists already in larval stage, we searched for the larvae at three localities in the Czech Republic and attempted to sex the larvae using two alternative methods: (i) by identification of the female specific sex chromatin formed by multiple copies of the W chromosome in polyploid somatic nuclei of the Malpighian tubule cells and (ii) by dissection of ovaries and testes. Finding the larvae in the field was extremely difficult, and 38 person-days of fieldwork yielded only 78 larvae. Consistent with the literature, they dwelled under sparse canopy of oak dominated mature woodlands or on woodland margins. Sexing by genitalia dissection worked well (N = 22) and revealed a prevalence of females (16 vs. 6). In contrast, the identification of sex chromatin was not possible as sex chromatin was absent (N = 56). Further cytogenetic analysis confirmed the haploid number of chromosomes n = 29, which is by one smaller than in the congeneric Parnassius apollo. This reduction of chromosome number is probably the result of a fusion of sex chromosomes with a pair of autosomes, a situation not uncommon in Lepidoptera. The female-biased larval sex ratio, contrasting with male biases found so often in adults, is based on just 22 genitally dissected larvae, and may be biased by faster growth rate of males.

    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0281521

Počet záznamů: 1  

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