Počet záznamů: 1  

Solvent-free, catalyst-free aza-Michael addition of cyclohexylamine to diethyl maleate: reaction mechanism and kinetics

  1. 1.
    0482881 - ÚMCH 2019 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Bláha, Michal - Trhlíková, Olga - Podešva, Jiří - Abbrent, Sabina - Steinhart, Miloš - Dybal, Jiří - Dušková-Smrčková, Miroslava
    Solvent-free, catalyst-free aza-Michael addition of cyclohexylamine to diethyl maleate: reaction mechanism and kinetics.
    Tetrahedron. Roč. 74, č. 1 (2018), s. 58-67. ISSN 0040-4020. E-ISSN 1464-5416
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61389013
    Klíčová slova: Aza-Michael addition * solvent-free * catalyst-free
    Obor OECD: Polymer science
    Impakt faktor: 2.379, rok: 2018

    The aza-Michael reaction is the addition of an amine to an electron deficient C=C double bond. This reaction is also used in the synthesis of precursors of polymeric networks. In this study, we paid attention to the kinetics and mechanism of the aza-Michael addition of cyclohexylamine (CHXA) to diethyl maleate (DEM) performed as a solvent-free, catalyst-free reaction and to concurrent reactions. In situ Raman spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry have shown the occurrence of three simultaneous reactions: (i) the aza-Michael addition of CHXA to DEM leading to diethyl 2-(cyclohexylamino)succinate, (ii) isomerization of DEM to diethyl fumarate (DEF), and (iii) the aza-Michael addition of CHXA to DEF formed by the reaction (ii). All of these reactions proceed with third order kinetics, first order in DEM or DEF and second order in CHXA. We propose a kinetic model that allows kinetic constants to be estimated. Furthermore, a numerical solution of the set of differential equations confirms the expected kinetic equations of reactions (i) and (ii) and gives values of rate constants comparable to the estimated ones. A DFT mechanistic study illustrates the structure of the reaction intermediates and transition states of all reactions and explains the contribution of the second amine molecule in the reaction mechanism.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0282596

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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