Počet záznamů: 1  

Adaptive root foraging strategies along a boreal–temperate forest gradient

  1. 1. 0480004 - UEK-B 2018 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Ostonen, I. - Truu, M. - Helmisaari, H.-S. - Lukač, M. - Borken, W. - Vanguelova, H. - Godbold, Douglas - Löhmus, K. - Zang, U. - Tedersoo, L. - Preem, J.-K. - Rosenvald, K. - Aosaar, J. - Armolaitis, K. - Frey, J. - Kabral, N. - Kukumägi, M. - Leppälammi-Kujansuu, J. - Lindroos, A.-J. - Merila, P. - Napa, Ü. - Nöjd, P. - Parts, K. - Uri, V. - Varik, M. - Truu, J.
    Adaptive root foraging strategies along a boreal–temperate forest gradient.
    New Phytologist. Roč. 215, č. 3 (2017), s. 977-991 ISSN 0028-646X
    GRANT EU: European Commission(XE) 315982; European Commission(XE) 315982; European Commission(XE) 90/E38
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67179843
    Klíčová slova: boreal and temperate forests * climate gradient * ectomycorrhizal (EcM) mycelium * fine and ectomycorrhizal root biomass * root foraging * root morphology * soil and rhizosphere bacteria * soil C * N ratio
    Kód oboru RIV: EF - Botanika
    Obor OECD: Plant sciences, botany
    Impakt faktor: 7.433, rok: 2017

    The tree root-mycorhizosphere plays a key role in resource uptake, but also in the adaptation of forests to changing environments.
    The adaptive foraging mechanisms of ectomycorrhizal (EcM) and fine roots of Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and Betula pendula were evaluated along a gradient from temperate to subarctic boreal forest (38 sites between latitudes 48 degrees N and 69 degrees N) in Europe. Variables describing tree resource uptake structures and processes (absorptive fine root biomass and morphology, nitrogen (N) concentration in absorptive roots, extramatrical mycelium (EMM) biomass, community structure of root-associated EcM fungi, soil and rhizosphere bacteria) were used to analyse relationships between root system functional traits and climate, soil and stand characteristics.
    Absorptive fine root biomass per stand basal area increased significantly from temperate to boreal forests, coinciding with longer and thinner root tips with higher tissue density, smaller EMM biomass per root length and a shift in soil microbial community structure. The soil carbon (C) : N ratio was found to explain most of the variability in absorptive fine root and EMM biomass, root tissue density, N concentration and rhizosphere bacterial community structure.
    We suggest a concept of absorptive fine root foraging strategies involving both qualitative and quantitative changes in the root-mycorrhiza-bacteria continuum along climate and soil C : N gradients.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0275898