Počet záznamů: 1  

PALM-USM v1.0: A New Urban Surface Model Integrated into the PALM Large-eddy Simulation Model

  1. 1. 0478793 - UIVT-O 2018 RIV DE eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Resler, Jaroslav - Krč, Pavel - Belda, Michal - Juruš, Pavel - Benešová, N. - Lopata, J. - Vlček, O. - Damašková, D. - Eben, Kryštof - Derbek, P. - Maronga, P. - Kanani-Sühring, F.
    PALM-USM v1.0: A New Urban Surface Model Integrated into the PALM Large-eddy Simulation Model.
    Geoscientific Model Development. Roč. 10, č. 10 (2017), s. 3635-3659. ISSN 1991-959X
    Grant ostatní:UrbanAdapt(XE) EHP-CZ02-OV-1-036-2015; Ga MŠk(CZ) LM2015070
    Program:CZ02 Biodiverzita a ekosystémové služby / Monitorování a integrované plánování a kontrola v životním prostředí/ Adaptace na změnu klimatu
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985807
    Klíčová slova: urban modelling * PALM * LES * surface energy balance * radiative transfer * model evaluation * infrared camera
    Kód oboru RIV: DG - Vědy o atmosféře, meteorologie
    Obor OECD: Meteorology and atmospheric sciences
    Impakt faktor: 4.252, rok: 2017

    Urban areas are an important part of the climate system and many aspects of urban climate have a direct effect on human health and living conditions. This implies the need for a reliable tool for climatology studies that supports urban planning and development strategies. However, a realistic implementation of urban canopy processes still poses a serious challenge for weather and climate modelling for the current generation of numerical models. To address this demand, a new model of energy processes for urban environments was 5 developed as an Urban Surface Model (USM) and integrated as a module into the large-eddy simulation (LES) model PALM. The USM contains a multi-reflection radiation model for short and long wave radiation, calculation of the energy balance on horizontal and vertical impervious surfaces, thermal diffusion in ground, wall and roof materials and anthropogenic heat from transportation. The module also models absorption of radiation by resolved plant canopy (i.e. trees, shrubs). The USM was parallelized using MPI and performance testing demonstrates that the computational costs 10 of the USM are reasonable and the model scales well on typical cluster configurations. The module was fully integrated into PALM and is available via its online repository under GNU General Public License (GPL). The implementation was tested on a summer heat wave episode in the real conditions of a selected Prague crossroad. General patterns of temperature of various surface types (walls, pavement) are in good agreement with observations. The coupled LES-USM system appears to correct the bias found between observations and mesoscale model predictions for the near-surface air temperature. The results, however, 15 show a strong dependence on the prescribed surface and wall material properties. Their exact knowledge is thus essential for the correct prediction of the flow in the urban canopy layer.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0274862