Počet záznamů: 1  

Phosphorylation Modulates Ameloblastin Self-assembly and Ca2+ Binding

  1. 1. 0477562 - UOCHB-X 2018 RIV CH eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Stakkestad, O. - Lyngstadaas, S. P. - Thiede, B. - Vondrášek, Jiří - Skalhegg, B. S. - Reseland, J. E.
    Phosphorylation Modulates Ameloblastin Self-assembly and Ca2+ Binding.
    Frontiers in physiology. Roč. 8, Jul 27 (2017), č. článku 531. ISSN 1664-042X
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388963
    Klíčová slova: ameloblastin * phosphorylation * self-assembly * Ca2+-binding * enamel * intrinsically disordered proteins
    Kód oboru RIV: CE - Biochemie
    Obor OECD: Biochemistry and molecular biology
    Impakt faktor: 3.394, rok: 2017

    Ameloblastin (AMBN), an important component of the self-assembled enamel extra cellular matrix, contains several in silico predicted phosphorylation sites. However, to what extent these sites actually are phosphorylated and the possible effects of such post-translational modifications are still largely unknown. Here we report on in vitro experiments aimed at investigating what sites in AMBN are phosphorylated by casein kinase 2 (CK2) and protein kinase A (PKA) and the impact such phosphorylation has on self-assembly and calcium binding. All predicted sites in AMBN can be phosphorylated by CK2 and/or PKA. The experiments show that phosphorylation, especially in the exon 5 derived part of the molecule, is inversely correlated with AMBN self-assembly. These results support earlier findings suggesting that AMBN self-assembly is mostly dependent on the exon 5 encoded region of the AMBN gene. Phosphorylation was significantlymore efficient when the AMBN molecules were in solution and not present as supramolecular assemblies, suggesting that post-translational modification of AMBN must take place before the enamel matrix molecules self-assemble inside the ameloblast cell. Moreover, phosphorylation of exon 5, and the consequent reduction in self-assembly, seem to reduce the calcium binding capacity of AMBN suggesting that post-translational modification of AMBN also can be involved in control of free Ca2+ during enamel extra cellular matrix biomineralization. Finally, it is speculated that phosphorylation can provide a functional crossroad for AMBN either to be phosphorylated and act as monomeric signal molecule during early odontogenesis and bone formation, or escape phosphorylation to be subsequently secreted as supramolecular assemblies that partake in enamel matrix structure and mineralization.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0273885