Počet záznamů: 1  

In Vivo Characterization of the Activation and Interaction of the VanR-VanS Two-Component Regulatory System Controlling Glycopeptide Antibiotic Resistance in Two Related Streptomyces Species

  1. 1.
    0472617 - MBÚ 2017 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Novotná, Gabriela - Kwun, Min Jung, M.J. - Hong, H.J.
    In Vivo Characterization of the Activation and Interaction of the VanR-VanS Two-Component Regulatory System Controlling Glycopeptide Antibiotic Resistance in Two Related Streptomyces Species.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Roč. 60, č. 3 (2016), s. 1627-1637. ISSN 0066-4804. E-ISSN 1098-6596
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388971
    Klíčová slova: ENTEROCOCCUS-FAECIUM BM4147 * DEPSIPEPTIDE PEPTIDOGLYCAN PRECURSORS * BACTERIAL SIGNALING PROTEINS
    Kód oboru RIV: EE - Mikrobiologie, virologie
    Impakt faktor: 4.302, rok: 2016

    The VanR-VanS two-component system is responsible for inducing resistance to glycopeptide antibiotics in various bacteria. We have performed a comparative study of the VanR-VanS systems from two streptomyces strains, Streptomyces coelicolor and Streptomyces toyocaensis, to characterize how the two proteins cooperate to signal the presence of antibiotics and to define the functional nature of each protein in each strain background. The results indicate that the glycopeptide antibiotic inducer specificity is determined solely by the differences between the amino acid sequences of the VanR-VanS two-component systems present in each strain rather than by any inherent differences in general cell properties, including cell wall structure and biosynthesis. VanR of S. coelicolor (VanRsc) functioned with either sensor kinase partner, while VanR of S. toyocaensis (VanRst) functioned only with its cognate partner, S. toyocaensis VanS (VanSst). In contrast to VanRsc, which is known to be capable of phosphorylation by acetylphosphate, VanRst could not be activated in vivo independently of a VanS sensor kinase. A series of amino acid sequence modifications changing residues in the N-terminal receiver (REC) domain of VanRst to the corresponding residues present in VanRsc failed to create a protein capable of being activated by VanS of S. coelicolor (VanSsc), which suggests that interaction of the response regulator with its cognate sensor kinase may require a region more extended than the REC domain. A T69S amino acid substitution in the REC domain of VanRst produced a strain exhibiting weak constitutive resistance, indicating that this particular amino acid may play a key role for VanS-independent phosphorylation in the response regulator protein.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0269877

     
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