Počet záznamů: 1  

Polypyrrole nanotubes: the tuning of morphology and conductivity

  1. 1.
    0471844 - ÚMCH 2018 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Sapurina, Irina - Li, Yu - Alekseeva, E. - Bober, Patrycja - Trchová, Miroslava - Morávková, Zuzana - Stejskal, Jaroslav
    Polypyrrole nanotubes: the tuning of morphology and conductivity.
    Polymer. Roč. 113, 24 March (2017), s. 247-258. ISSN 0032-3861. E-ISSN 1873-2291
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-02787S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61389013
    Klíčová slova: conducting polymer * conductivity * dyes
    Obor OECD: Polymer science
    Impakt faktor: 3.483, rok: 2017

    Polypyrrole nanotubes rank among important functional materials with high application potential. They are prepared by the oxidative polymerization of pyrrole usually in the presence of methyl orange and represent conducting polymers with the highest bulk conductivity, 40-50 S cm-1. The role of methyl orange in promoting the nanotubular morphology of polypyrrole is discussed on the basis of FTIR and Raman spectra. The model based on the organization of acid form of methyl orange molecules to an in-situ-generated solid template is proposed. Various factors controlling the morphology and conductivity of polypyrrole have been identified. Higher acidity of reaction medium or the addition of ethylene glycol increased the diameter of nanotubes or even converted nanotubes to globules, and the conductivity was reduced. Nanotubes have not been obtained at temperature elevated to 60 °C but one-dimensional polypyrrole morphology was surprisingly produced even when the oxidation of pyrrole took place in frozen reaction medium, in ice, at -24 °C. The counter-ions in iron(III) salt used for the oxidation and the presence of water-soluble polymers had virtually no influence on morphology and conductivity. On the other hand, a series of organic dyes used as replacement of methyl orange had substantial effect on both the nanotubular morphology and conductivity. The role of template formation is discussed by comparing methyl orange and ethyl orange dyes. While the former dye precipitates under acidic conditions and supports the growth of nanotubes, the latter does not and globules are obtained instead.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0270649

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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