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Comprehension of verb number morphemes in Czech children: Singular and plural show different relations to age and vocabulary

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    0471043 - PSÚ 2018 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Smolík, Filip - Bláhová, Veronika
    Comprehension of verb number morphemes in Czech children: Singular and plural show different relations to age and vocabulary.
    First Language. Roč. 37, č. 1 (2017), s. 42-57. ISSN 0142-7237. E-ISSN 1740-2344
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA13-26779S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68081740
    Klíčová slova: comprehension * grammatical agreement * grammatical number * morphology * picture-pointing task * picture-pointing task
    Obor OECD: Psychology (including human - machine relations)
    Impakt faktor: 0.796, rok: 2017

    Two experiments examined Czech children’s comprehension of grammatical number marking in verbs. Children were presented with picture pairs involving one or multiple participants in the same action, and were asked to point to the picture described by a recorded sentence. Experiment 1 (N = 72, age 3,0–4,7) tested four types of sentences, some of which marked the number of participants on the verb only. There was a marked increase in comprehension scores with age and receptive vocabulary scores in singular, but not in plural sentences. This pattern was present regardless of how number was marked. Experiment 2 (N = 45, age 3,4–4,9) replicated the key findings of Experiment 1. The results suggest that comprehension of morphological number markers remains difficult even when children routinely produce such markers. However, when compared with results from other languages and experimental paradigms, it appears that the effect is due mainly to children’s comprehension of the task and not limitations in their grammatical knowledge.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0268515

     
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