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Gaps in socio-economic research in Šumava National Park, Czech Republic

  1. 1.
    0465827 - ÚVGZ 2017 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana - Brožková, H. - Krsová, M. - Cepáková, Š. - Dvorščík, P. - Křenová, Zdeňka - Braniš, M.
    Gaps in socio-economic research in Šumava National Park, Czech Republic.
    Silva Gabreta. Roč. 22, č. 1 (2016), s. 111-124. ISSN 1211-7420
    Grant CEP: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1415
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67179843
    Klíčová slova: socio-economic indicators * welfare * well-being * quality of life
    Kód oboru RIV: AO - Sociologie, demografie
    http://www.npsumava.cz/gallery/34/10341-sg_22_harmackovaetal.pdf

    The currently prevailing approach to nature conservation aims to balance environmental protection with
    human well-being and economic welfare of local communities in protected areas and surrounding regions.
    However, maintaining environmental objectives while meeting the demand of local inhabitants for socio-
    economic development has proven difficult. In the Czech Republic, this holds especially for Šumava
    National Park (NP), which has been facing a continuous dissention in terms of the extent to which the local
    conservation regime influences economic welfare and socio-economic sustainability of the area. The first
    aim of this study was to review socio-economic research in Šumava NP since its establishment and identify
    its potential gaps. Second, we aimed to present a pilot summary of available socio-economic data for
    this study area, namely population trends, unemployment rate and municipal budget revenues, and to compare
    their levels with other protected areas in the Czech Republic, as well as non-protected areas and the
    national average. To achieve this, we conducted a systematic literature review and utilized publicly available
    statistical datasets and databases to derive socio-economic data between 1991 and 2011. The results
    showed that Šumava NP has undergone a moderate decrease in population in the study period, while the
    unemployment rate and budget revenues performed the same or better than in other protected and non-protected
    areas in the Czech Republic. The evidence presented in this paper is in line with previous studies
    suggesting that there is a gap between the socio-economic reality of the communities in Šumava NP and
    the prevailing way the quality of life is perceived by local inhabitants and presented in the media. The paper
    concludes that further systematic socio-economic research is urgently needed to support sustainable nature
    conservation.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0264282

     
     
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