Počet záznamů: 1  

Metagenomic insights into the uncultured diversity and physiology of microbes in four hypersaline soda lake brines.

  1. 1. 0459767 - BC-A 2017 RIV CH eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Vavourakis, C. D. - Ghai, Rohit - Rodriguez-Valera, F. - Sorokin, D. Y. - Tringe, S. G. - Hugenholtz, P. - Muyzer, G.
    Metagenomic insights into the uncultured diversity and physiology of microbes in four hypersaline soda lake brines.
    Frontiers in Microbiology. Roč. 7, February (2016), č. článku 211. ISSN 1664-302X
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-00243S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:60077344
    Klíčová slova: soda lake brines * Nanohaloarchaea * Halobacteria * Bacteroidetes * hydrolytics * cellulase * chitinase * rhodopsin
    Kód oboru RIV: EE - Mikrobiologie, virologie
    Impakt faktor: 4.076, rok: 2016

    Soda lakes are salt lakes with a naturally alkaline pH due to evaporative concentration of sodium carbonates in the absence of major divalent cations. Hypersaline soda brines harbor microbial communities with a high species- and strain-level archaeal diversity and a large proportion of still uncultured poly-extremophiles compared to neutral brines of similar salinities. We present the first metagenomic snapshots of microbial communities thriving in the brines of four shallow soda lakes from the Kulunda Steppe (Altai,Russia) covering a salinity range from 170 to 400 g/L. Both amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA fragments and direct metagenomic sequencing showed that the top-level taxa abundance was linked to the ambient salinity: Bacteroidetes, Alpha-, and Gamma-proteobacteria were dominant below a salinity of 250 g/L, Euryarchaeota at higher salinities. Within these taxa, amplicon sequences related to Halorubrum, Natrinema, Gracilimonas, purple non-sulfur bacteria (Rhizobiales, Rhodobacter,and Rhodobaca) and chemolithotrophic sulfur oxidizers (Thioalkalivibrio) were highly abundant. Twenty-four draft population genomes from novel members and ecotypes within the Nanohaloarchaea, Halobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were reconstructed to explore their metabolic features, environmental abundance and strategies for osmotic adaptation. The Halobacteria- and Bacteroidetes-related draft genomes belong to putative aerobic heterotrophs, likely with the capacity to ferment sugars in the absence of oxygen. Members from both taxonomic groups are likely involved in primary organic carbon degradation, since some of the reconstructed genomes encode the ability to hydrolyze recalcitrant substrates, such as cellulose and chitin. Putative sodium-pumping rhodopsins were found in both a Flavobacteriaceae- and a Chitinophagaceae-related draft genome. The predicted proteomes of both the latter and a Rhodothermaceae-related draft genome were indicative of a salt-in strategy of osmotic adaptation.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0259960