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Updating algal evolutionary relationships through plastid genome sequencing: did alveolate plastids emerge through endosymbiosis of an ochrophyte?

  1. 1. 0451323 - BC-A 2016 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Ševčíková, T. - Horák, Aleš - Klimeš, V. - Zbránková, V. - Demir-Hilton, E. - Sudek, S. - Jenkis, J. - Schmutz, J. - Přibyl, Pavel - Fousek, Jan - Vlček, Čestmír - Lang, B.F. - Oborník, Miroslav - Worden, A.Z. - Eliáš, M.
    Updating algal evolutionary relationships through plastid genome sequencing: did alveolate plastids emerge through endosymbiosis of an ochrophyte?.
    Scientific Reports. Roč. 5, MAY 28 2015 (2015), s. 10134 ISSN 2045-2322
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-33039S; GA ČR GPP506/12/P931
    Grant ostatní:GA MŠk(CZ) LO1208; GA MŠk(CZ) ED2.1.00/03.0100
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:60077344 ; RVO:67985939 ; RVO:68378050
    Klíčová slova: phylogenetic position * Chromera velia * Dinoflagellate
    Kód oboru RIV: EG - Zoologie; EF - Botanika (UMG-J); EF - Botanika (BU-J)
    Impakt faktor: 5.228, rok: 2015

    Algae with secondary plastids of a red algal origin, such as ochrophytes (photosynthetic stramenopiles), are diverse and ecologically important, yet their evolutionary history remains controversial. We sequenced plastid genomes of two ochrophytes, Ochromonas sp. CCMP1393 (Chrysophyceae) and Trachydiscus minutus (Eustigmatophyceae). A shared split of the clpC gene as well as phylogenomic analyses of concatenated protein sequences demonstrated that chrysophytes and eustigmatophytes form a clade, the Limnista, exhibiting an unexpectedly elevated rate of plastid gene evolution. Our analyses also indicate that the root of the ochrophyte phylogeny falls between the recently redefined Khakista and Phaeista assemblages. Taking advantage of the expanded sampling of plastid genome sequences, we revisited the phylogenetic position of the plastid of Vitrella brassicaformis, a member of Alveolata with the least derived plastid genome known for the whole group. The results varied depending on the dataset and phylogenetic method employed, but suggested that the Vitrella plastids emerged from a deep ochrophyte lineage rather than being derived vertically from a hypothetical plastid-bearing common ancestor of alveolates and stramenopiles. Thus, we hypothesize that the plastid in Vitrella, and potentially in other alveolates, may have been acquired by an endosymbiosis of an early ochrophyte.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0252506