Počet záznamů: 1
In situ observation of nucleated polymer crystallization in polyoxymethylene sandwich composites
- 1.0444199 - ÚMCH 2016 RIV CH eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Šlouf, Miroslav - Krejčíková, Sabina - Vacková, Taťana - Kratochvíl, Jaroslav - Novák, L.
In situ observation of nucleated polymer crystallization in polyoxymethylene sandwich composites.
Frontiers in Materials. Roč. 2, 19 March (2015), 23_1-23_12. ISSN 2296-8016. E-ISSN 2296-8016
Grant CEP: GA ČR GAP205/10/0348; GA ČR(CZ) GA14-17921S; GA TA ČR(CZ) TE01020118
Institucionální podpora: RVO:61389013
Klíčová slova: polyoxymethylene * nucleated crystallization * sandwich composites
Kód oboru RIV: JJ - Ostatní materiály
We introduce a dynamic sandwich method, which can be used for in situ observation and quantification of polymer crystallization nucleated by micro/nanoparticles. The method was applied on polyoxymethylene (POM) composites with three nucleating agents: talc micropowder (POM/mTalc), chalk nanopowder (POM/nChalk), and titanate nanotubes (POM/TiNT). The nucleating agents were deposited between polymer films, the resulting sandwich samples were consolidated by thermal treatment, and their microtomed cross-sections were observed during isothermal crystallization by polarized light microscopy (PLM). As the intensity of polarized light was shown to be proportional to the relative crystallinity, the PLM results could be fitted to Avrami equation and the nucleating activity of all investigated particles could be quantified by means of Avrami parameters (n, k). The crystallization half-times increased reproducibly in the following order: POM/nChalk < POM/mTalc < POM/TiNT ~ POM. For strong nucleating agents (mTalc, nChalk), the crystallization kinetics corresponded to spontaneous crystallization starting from central nucleating layer, which was verified by computer simulations. The results were also confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry. We concluded that the sandwich method is an efficient microscopic technique for detailed evaluation of nucleating activity of arbitrary micro/nanoparticles in polymer systems.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0253788
Počet záznamů: 1