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Branched and Cyclic Alkyl Groups in Imidazolium - Based Ionic Liquids: Molecular Organization and Physico - chemical Properties

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    0440898 - UCHP-M 2015 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Andresová, Adéla - Storch, Jan - Traikia, M. - Wagner, Zdeněk - Bendová, Magdalena - Husson, P.
    Branched and Cyclic Alkyl Groups in Imidazolium - Based Ionic Liquids: Molecular Organization and Physico - chemical Properties.
    Fluid Phase Equilibria. Roč. 371, JUN 15 (2014), s. 41-49. ISSN 0378-3812
    Grant CEP: GA MŠk(CZ) LG12032
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985858
    Klíčová slova: ionic liquids * sythesis * density
    Kód oboru RIV: CF - Fyzikální chemie a teoretická chemie
    Impakt faktor: 2.200, rok: 2014

    In the present work, three imidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide ionic liquids with a linear alkyl chain (1-pentyl-3-butylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide, [C(4)C(5)Im][Tf2N]), with branching (1-isopentyl-3-butylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide [C(4)iC(5)Im][Tf2N]), or with a cyclic group (1-cyclopentyl-3-butylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide, [C(4)cC(5)Im][Tf2N]) were synthesized for the first time. Such variation in structure could be of interest to possible applications of the present ionic liquids as task-specific ionic liquids. To understand the influence of the structure on their macroscopic properties, their density and two transport properties (viscosity and electrical conductivity), were measured as function of temperature. The introduction of branching has no effect on the density values whereas these show an increase when a cycle is substituted to the cation. Both branching of the alkyl chain and the presence of the cyclic group increase the viscosity. Surprisingly, the electrical conductivity of [C(4)cC(5)Im][Tf2N] is the highest despite its high viscosity. From the measurement of ion diffusion coefficients by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the ionicity could be evaluated. The cycloalkane-substituted [C(4)cC(5)Im][Tf2N] was found to be more dissociated compared to the other two ionic liquids which explains the behaviour observed for the conductivity. This could mean that the cycloalkane-substituted ionic liquid might find its use in electrochemistry. The experimental viscosity, conductivity, and diffusion coefficient data were described by equations of the Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher type using a regression along a gnostic influence function. In this way, a robust global optimization algorithm could be used to obtain reliable model parameters, but also to critically evaluate the experimental data.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0244010
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