Počet záznamů: 1  

Genetic differentiation and spatial structure of Geosmithia morbida, the causal agent of thousand cankers disease in black walnut (Juglans nigra)

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    0436054 - MBÚ 2015 RIV DE eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Hadziabdic, D. - Vito, L. - Windham, M. T. - Pscheidt, J. W. - Trigiano, R. N. - Kolařík, Miroslav
    Genetic differentiation and spatial structure of Geosmithia morbida, the causal agent of thousand cankers disease in black walnut (Juglans nigra).
    Current Genetics. Roč. 60, č. 2 (2014), s. 75-87. ISSN 0172-8083. E-ISSN 1432-0983
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388971
    Klíčová slova: Thousand cankers disease * Juglans nigra * Geosmithia morbida
    Kód oboru RIV: EB - Genetika a molekulární biologie
    Impakt faktor: 2.682, rok: 2014

    The main objectives of this study were to evaluate genetic composition of Geosmithia morbida populations in the native range of black walnut and provide a better understanding regarding demography of the pathogen. The fungus G. morbida, and the walnut twig beetle, Pityophthorus juglandis, have been associated with a disease complex of black walnut (Juglans nigra) known as thousand cankers disease (TCD). The disease is manifested as branch dieback and canopy loss, eventually resulting in tree death. In 2010, the disease was detected in black walnut in Tennessee, and subsequently in Virginia and Pennsylvania in 2011 and North Carolina in 2012. These were the first incidences of TCD east of Colorado, where the disease has been established for more than a decade on indigenous walnut species. A genetic diversity and population structure study of 62 G. morbida isolates from Tennessee, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Oregon was completed using 15 polymorphic microsatellite loci. The results revealed high haploid genetic diversity among seven G. morbida populations with evidence of gene flow, and significant differentiation among two identified genetic clusters. There was a significant correlation between geographic and genetic distance. Understanding the genetic composition and demography of G. morbida can provide valuable insight into recognizing factors affecting the persistence and spread of an invasive pathogen, disease progression, and future infestation predictions. Overall, these data support the hypotheses of two separate, highly diverse pathogen introductions into the native range of black walnut
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0239916

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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