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Negative intergroup contact is more influential, but positive intergroup contact is more common: Assessing contact prominence and contact prevalence in five Central European countries

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    0434970 - PSÚ 2015 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Graf, Sylvie - Paolini, S. - Rubin, M.
    Negative intergroup contact is more influential, but positive intergroup contact is more common: Assessing contact prominence and contact prevalence in five Central European countries.
    European Journal of Social Psychology. Roč. 44, č. 96 (2014), 536–547. ISSN 0046-2772. E-ISSN 1099-0992
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA13-25656S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68081740
    Klíčová slova: intergroup contact * negative contact * outgroup attitudes
    Kód oboru RIV: AN - Psychologie
    Impakt faktor: 1.712, rok: 2014

    The present research tested the idea that the ecological impact of intergroup contact on outgroup attitudes can be fully understood only when relative frequency and relative influence of positive and negative contact are considered simultaneously. Participants from five European countries (Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland and Slovakia; N = 1276) freely described their contact experiences with people of neighboring nationalities and then reported on their outgroup attitudes. Contact descriptions were coded for positive versus negative valence and for person versus situation framing. Consistently across the five participant groups, positive intergroup contact was reported to occur three times more frequently than negative intergroup contact; however, positive contact was found to be only weakly related to outgroup attitudes. On the contrary, the less frequent negative (vs. positive) contact was comparatively more influential in shaping outgroup attitudes, especially when negativity was reported around the contact person, rather than the contact situation. This research’s findings reconcile contrasting lines of past research on intergroup contact and suggest that the greater prevalence of positive contact may compensate for the greater prominence of negative contact, thus leading to modest net improvements in outgroup attitudes after intergroup contact.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0238901

     
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