Počet záznamů: 1  

Conformational Heterogeneity in Antibody-Protein Antigen Recognition IMPLICATIONS FOR HIGH AFFINITY PROTEIN COMPLEX FORMATION

  1. 1.
    0431518 - UOCHB-X 2015 US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Addis, P. W. - Hall, c. J. - Bruton, S. - Veverka, Václav - Wilkinson, I. C. - Muskett, F. W. - Renshaw, P. S. - Prosser, C. E. - Carrington, B. - Lawson, A. D. G. - Griffin, R. - Taylor, R. J. - Waters, L. C. - Henry, A. J. - Carr, M. D.
    Conformational Heterogeneity in Antibody-Protein Antigen Recognition IMPLICATIONS FOR HIGH AFFINITY PROTEIN COMPLEX FORMATION.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry. Roč. 289, č. 10 (2014), s. 7200-7210. ISSN 0021-9258
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388963
    Klíčová slova: NMR * antibody * protein-protein interaction * protein conformation
    Kód oboru RIV: CE - Biochemie
    Impakt faktor: 4.573, rok: 2014

    Specific, high affinity protein-protein interactions lie at the heart of many essential biological processes, including the recognition of an apparently limitless range of foreign proteins by natural antibodies, which has been exploited to develop therapeutic antibodies. To mediate biological processes, high affinity protein complexes need to form on appropriate, relatively rapid timescales, which presents a challenge for the productive engagement of complexes with large and complex contact surfaces (approximate to 600-1800 (2)). We have obtained comprehensive backbone NMR assignments for two distinct, high affinity antibody fragments (single chain variable and antigen-binding (Fab) fragments), which recognize the structurally diverse cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1, -sheet) and interleukin-6 (IL-6, -helical). NMR studies have revealed that the hearts of the antigen binding sites in both free anti-IL-1 Fab and anti-IL-6 single chain variable exist in multiple conformations, which interconvert on a timescale comparable with the rates of antibody-antigen complex formation. In addition, we have identified a conserved antigen binding-induced change in the orientation of the two variable domains. The observed conformational heterogeneity and slow dynamics at protein antigen binding sites appears to be a conserved feature of many high affinity protein-protein interfaces structurally characterized by NMR, suggesting an essential role in protein complex formation. We propose that this behavior may reflect a soft capture, protein-protein docking mechanism, facilitating formation of high affinity protein complexes on a timescale consistent with biological processes.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0236180