Počet záznamů: 1  

Allelopathic effect of new introduced biofuel crops on the soil biota: A comparative study

  1. 1.
    0429284 - BC-A 2015 RIV FR eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Heděnec, Petr - Novotný, D. - Usťak, S. - Honzík, R. - Kovářová, M. - Šimáčková, H. - Frouz, J.
    Allelopathic effect of new introduced biofuel crops on the soil biota: A comparative study.
    European Journal of Soil Biology. Roč. 63, July (2014), s. 14-20. ISSN 1164-5563
    Grant CEP: GA MŠk(CZ) 7E08081
    Grant ostatní:GA ČR(CZ) GAP504/12/1288
    Program:GA
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:60077344
    Klíčová slova: allelopathic effect * biofuel crops * invasive plant species * plant biomass chemistry * seedling germination
    Kód oboru RIV: EH - Ekologie - společenstva
    Impakt faktor: 1.719, rok: 2014

    Biofuel crops as an alternative to fossil fuels are a component of the energy mix in many countries. Many of them are introduced plants, so they pose a serious threat of biological invasions. Production of allelopathic compounds can increase invasion success by limiting co-occurring species in the invaded environment (novel weapons hypothesis). In this study, we focused on plant chemistry and production of allelopathic compounds by biofuel crops (hybrid sorrel Rumex tianschanicus x Rumex patientia and miscanthus Miscanthus sinensis) in comparison with invasive knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis) and cultural meadow species. First, we tested the impact of leachates isolated from hybrid sorrel, miscanthus, knotweed and cultural meadow species compared to deionized water, used as a control, on seed germination of mustard (Sinapis arvensis) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivated on sand and soil. Secondly, we studied the effect of leachates on the growth of soil fungal pathogens Fusarium culmorum, Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia solani, Cochliobolus sativus. Finally, we tested the effect of litter of hybrid sorrel, miscanthus, knotweed and cultural meadow litter mixed with soil on population growth of Enchytraeus crypticus, Folsomia candida. Miscanthus and knotweed litter had a higher C:N ratio than the control meadow and hybrid sorrel litter. Miscanthus and hybrid sorrel litter had a higher content of phenols than knotweed and cultural meadow litter. Leachates from hybrid sorrel, miscanthus and knotweed biomass significantly decreased seed germination of wheat and mustard in both substrates. Soil fungal pathogens grew less vigorously on agar enriched by leachates from both biofuel crops than on agar enriched by knotweed and leachates. Litter from hybrid sorrel, miscanthus and knotweed significantly altered (both ways) the population growth of the soil mesofauna.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0236120